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Funicular - Plants

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From 1880 to 1904 :

It was a two way funicular with two carriage. One got up, the other down, thanks to and independent steel cable system, that tolered efforts of 25 tons, and thanks to two high pressure steam engines of 45 H.P., one of which was a reserve engine, both positioned in lower station. This engine assured the motion of two endless cables, which bending over two returning pulleys at the two ends of the inclined plane; while a carriage went up the other went down always by the same route, so that it became a self-propelling system. Each cable was formed by 49 tarred steel wires, with a diameter of 25 millimeter. The carriage slid on a central rail, hooked to an oak beam, 26 cm wide and 47 cm thick. In 1889 notwithstanding new carriages were put into service, the plant remained unchanged until 1904.


The plant in office from 1880 to 1904

 

From 1904 to 1906 :

The new electric railway Pugliano-Vesuvius, contributed to double the number of tourists carried up to the lower station. So in 1904 the old installation was demolished and replaced by a more modern, electric-traction of 550 Volts one. The new plant consisted of a one track with one meter gauge, that bifurcated half-way, where the two carriages met. 53 H.P. were required to work the line, which corresponded to 65 H.P. at the power station, loss of power included. The electric engines were positioned another time at the lower station. The installation worked until 1906, when was destroyed by eruption.


The plant in office from 1904 to 1906

From 1909 to 1944:

In 1909, thanks to the engineer Enrico Treiber, a new and more modern funicular was studied and realized. The new track disposition let carriages go on for simple adhesion. The tracing chosen was located more south than the previous one. The simple track line 807 meter long resulted to consist of two straight stretches connected by a compensating bending radius of 547 meter, corresponding to the switch-line, realized with fixed blades. The line gradient was reduced to 55 %. A 114 tared steel wires, with a diameter of 33 millimeters and a weight of 3 tons which tolered efforts of 39 tons, connected the carriages to each other in the upper part. A second one, identical to the other connected them down-dale. The two carriages, by means of an electric engine installed on board, that absorbed 550 Volts in direct current were self-propelling. They took 8 minutes to get from lower station to the upper one. The installation worked until 1944, when was destroyed by eruption.


The plant in office from 1909 to 1944


 



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